In the host house, students of Commercial Engineering, Construction Engineer, Food Engineer, Ped. in Spanish and Philosophy, Ped. In English and Journalism they present some disability actively participate in the activities prepared for them.
The Support Program for Students with Disabilities (PAED) at the University of La Serena and the Inclusive Higher Education Network in the Coquimbo Region (REDESIC) were the organizers of a training session on Teaching Strategies with a Universal Approach, aimed at to teachers of different careers of the houses of studies that attend students with sensory and / or motor disabilities.
The activity was developed during the morning in the 2 Room of the Teaching Improvement Unit of the ULS, with the aim of knowing some suggestions for adapting study materials and teaching aids so that university students with sensory or physical disabilities can take the different races
Aspects such as adequacy in methodologies, didactic material, evaluation techniques and others were addressed. The rapporteurs were in charge of PAED and president of REDESIC Coquimbo Region, Georgina García, academic of the Department of Education of the University of La Serena; the PAED professional, Andrea Irarrázabal; and the kinesiologist of the U. Pedro de Valdivia, Joel García.
The types of disabilities attended are the problems of vision (total blindness and low vision), hearing (profound deafness or hearing loss) and physical (limitations in the execution of movements and / or chronic diseases). About them, various international investigations provide tips and suggestions to optimize student performance in classes.
For example, Georgina García emphasized that the use of accessible, flexible and simple instructions is recommended; communicate the contents effectively; consider the different learning rhythms; minimize physical effort and maximize attention to learning; consider the characteristics of the students in the instructions; create learning communities; and generate welcoming and inclusive environments.
Other aspects to consider are: providing multiple means of representation (occupying different channels: auditory, visual or motor), multiple means for action and expression (different ways to learn and make known what has been learned) and multiple means of commitment (offer options) so that they feel involved and motivated to learn).
The ULS academic also urged attendees not to generalize the behavior of people with disabilities, even if they present the same condition; find out with the student what he needs before modifying the environment or determining the supports; not force him to receive help, avoid overprotection and promote autonomy; and making non-significant curricular adjustments to ensure equity conditions.
Similarly, recommended for the work in the classroom ensure them a position in the first row, try to have good lighting, allow the use of recorders or other recording materials, adapt powerpoint presentations (dark background, white letters and short texts ), verbalize visual information, adapt evaluation format (braille, large print or orally), have visible advertisers (for example, for changes in the classroom) and allow longer times for their work or dissertations, among others suggestions that will help young people achieve their best academic performance.
In the afternoon, the workshop was replicated with numerous preschool, elementary and middle school teachers from different educational establishments in the area.
Remember that the Support Program for Students with Disabilities in the U. of La Serena has as its fundamental purpose to provide comprehensive support - academic, social and health - to the university student with sensory and / or motor disability. In addition, to guide their academics and family members so that they can support these students, in such a way that they can satisfactorily respond to the academic, social and emotional demands that every professional training process implies.
It is important to mention that the entrance and participation of students with disabilities in this Program is voluntary. Currently, 6 young people who are studying Commercial Engineering, Construction Engineer, Food Engineer, Ped. in Spanish and Philosophy, Ped. in English and Journalism, they actively participate in initiatives that support different areas of their personal and professional formation.
Students, academics and administrators who wish to have more information about the PAED, can approach the Resource Room of the Central Library '' Irma Salas '' (Anfión Muñoz corner Infante) on Monday, Wednesday and Thursday of 8: 30 to 13 : 00 hours and Tuesdays from 12: 30 to 16: 30 hours.
Meanwhile, the Network of Inclusive Higher Education in the Coquimbo Region is headed by the U. de La Serena and counts among its members the UCN, UPV, Central U. and Marist School of Our Lady of Andacollo.