In the Enrique Molina Garmendia Campus Multipurpose Room, the conference "Tax Reform and Public Education" was held, given by the former Rector of the University of Chile, Dr. Luis Riveros. In the activity, organized by the Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences of the University of La Serena, the academic gave his vision about the Government's announcements on education and the tax reform bill that seeks to finance mainly changes in education .
This is how Dr. Luis Riveros referred to the dichotomy that exists in Chile between favorable economic results and competitiveness, in contrast to those referred to education. '' This issue of education was postponed significantly, it was always wanted to do more of the same and that resulted in deepening the problems '', said the academic, adding that among the tasks that were not adequately addressed, are the need to to invest more and to grow coverage in pre-school education, the de-municipalization of basic education and public media, the distortions that have been accumulated as a result of the strategy of privatization of education, and the reforms in Higher Education.
In this regard, he stressed that for decades there has been an "orphanhood of the public system", referring to the abandonment of public universities by the State. "That is something that needs to be corrected, and that means, first of all, that State universities must have a Direct Fiscal Contribution that is reasonable, in order to somehow certify and show that they are from the State of Chile," mentioned in his lecture.
Regarding the educational reform, he said that there has been no clarity in the announcements referring to the free education, what will happen with the delivery of free public resources to private universities, in concrete measures for the strengthening of higher technical education , and a reform of the current Council of Rectors.
"Some announcements and projects have been delivered, but in my opinion they do not attack the fundamentals of the problem that is quality, and this requires resources and a commitment different from the State," said the academic from the Faculty of Economics and Business of the U. of Chile.
On the tax reform, he stated that Chile's tax base is small and restricted, "therefore, it is good to think why not have a higher tax base, especially because the Chilean system also has some distortions, among these, a reduced tax rate associated with companies. The proposal is completely reasonable, first with the economic reality; companies are not being intervened, they are not being stripped of their legitimate profits, they are simply establishing a system that also corrects a second distortion, that the tax on people, especially the tax on professionals, on small entrepreneurs, It has a tax base that is very high (...). So it is proposed to reduce that a little and raise the tax on businesses, so that the net result also increases the capacity of collection of resources by the Ministry of Finance.
The former Rector of the University of Chile added that this "creates the possibility of developing what the country has been consolidating up to now: a credible, stable country that has rules of the game that are respected (...) and consequently that constitutes a sufficient base to bring investment like the one the country needs to keep growing. "
Regarding the Tax Profits Fund (FUT), he indicated that it was an appropriate measure in a period of economic crisis, but that this special incentive for the investment of the companies is obviously no longer needed, even more when one considers that the accumulated in this fund not taxed is approximately 1 GDP.
It should be noted that the academic vice-rector of the ULS, Dr. Jorge Catalán, the dean of FACSE, Mg Jorge Fernández, the director of the Cs. Economics and Business, Dr. Luperfina Rojas, the director of Teaching, Mg. Laura Vega, directors of Schools of the macrounidad, the head of Admission and Registration, Eduardo Rojo, academics, students and special guests.