During two days, representatives of the schools that make up the CRUCH, share initiatives developed to improve equity and student retention.
At the University of La Serena, the 26 Seminar on "Equity and Retention in Higher Education: Are We Moving Toward a Structural Change?", Organized by this house of higher studies, through the Vice Presidency Academic and the Teaching Directorate, with the collaboration of the Ministry of Education and the CRUCH. The meeting in which representatives of the institutions belonging to the Council of Rectors participate, aims to share the initiatives they have developed to improve equity and student retention, as well as analyze the impact of their own experiences and generate proposals that allow them to move towards a structural change.
At the opening of this seminar, the academic vice chancellor of the University of La Serena, Dr. Jorge Catalán, said that the activity is part of a set of policies and actions aimed at promoting equity in higher education and involving aspects of of financial order, of admission and properly academic. "The task is of great importance, insofar as it is part of a larger context of social inequities that are manifested in the educational system, and consequently, in the subsystem of higher education, which must not only recognize them and avoid reproducing them, but also, as an ethical imperative, contribute to overcome them, "he said.
In addition, Dr. Catalán said that "it is very important to favor the sharing of the participating institutions, but in a special way, to develop a proactive approach to the subject that brings us together, translatable into agreements and commitments to continue moving forward". He added that through this meeting "we not only want to be participants in the changes, but co-protagonists and, even more so, occasional leaders in the exercise of a rotating leadership in the national concert, in a manner consistent with the discourse on equality of opportunities, which has a special meaning for those of us who are members of state universities and, even more, regional ones. "
The inaugural day began with the presentation: "Ranking of notes in process of Admission 2014", by the researcher of the Unique System of Admission of the Council of Rectors of Chilean Universities, Tomás Larroucau, who referred to the changes in the weights produced in the 2014 process and the impact of the change in the weightings of the Ranking of Notes, pointing out that this did not produce great changes in the composition of the system as a whole (1.350 students manage to gain access to a career thanks to the new weights), but that yes you can see an important movement of students within the system (about one 10% of students change in the career in which they are selected thanks to the new weights and about an 5% of the total students is selected in another university). He also stressed that the increase in weighting improves the selection preference of 5.081 students (5% of the total number of students selected), especially students with good school performance, students from municipal and subsidized private establishments, women over men, students from more vulnerable establishments and the first income brackets, and students from professional technical establishments.
Also exposed the person in charge of Agreements of Performance in Academic Innovation and FIAC2 of the Ministry of Education, Diana Veneros, with the presentation: "The challenge of retention in the Higher Education System. Problems and perspectives. " The invited professional pointed out that the significant growth in the enrollment of the Chilean higher education system in recent years implied an increase in net coverage that has brought with it an additional challenge: to retain this new group of students in institutions and institutions. study programs they entered, particularly if many of them come from the lowest quintiles posing special demands to HEIs.
Regarding the dropout rate, the representative of the MINEDUC commented that it is a global problem and "one of the most important causes has to do with the factors of cognitive, metacognitive, non-cognitive deficiencies, socioeconomic problems, origin of dysfunctional homes ( ...) and one of the things we have been doing is the implementation of a public policy instrument known as the Academic Leveling Scholarship ", a program that seeks to promote greater equity in higher education through the leveling of skills that allow students of high school performance in context and who belong to the first three quintiles, achieve adequate performance and academic success. Through this initiative, an increase in the retention rate of first-year students is expected, as well as an increase in the rate of student approval during the first year, an increase in the rate of academic achievement of first-year students, and the satisfaction of the beneficiary students with the academic leveling program implemented by the institution.
In relation to the impacts of the BNA, he maintained that it is a very recent instrument to evaluate results and that it is necessary to historicize the instrument as well as its impact within HEIs, through cohort analysis and specific monitoring of beneficiaries. In addition, he indicated that the challenge for the future is to rethink the training programs and processes considering the student as a center.
After their presentations, the presenters talked with the audience and, later, the presentation of papers by the CRUCH universities began.
The second day of the Seminar will be held this Friday June 27 and includes the presentation "Analysis of the implementation of policies on equity and retention in the Universities of the Council of Rectors", of the researchers of the University of Santiago de Chile, Dras. Paulina Pérez and Lorena López, the presentations of the participating institutions, the CRUCH Panel "Factors that affect the retention, academic progression and timely qualification of students belonging to the 1 and 2 quintiles of the UMCE", the Seminar Analysis Tables and the Plenary with the presentation of these instances.