The meeting presented a series of initiatives aimed at improving equity and retention in universities of the Council of Rectors.
With the purpose of sharing the initiatives that have been developed by the houses of studies that make up the CRUCH in the improvement of equity and student retention, in addition to analyzing the impact of their own experiences and generating proposals that allow them to move towards a structural change , the seminar "Equity and Retention in Higher Education: Are We Moving Towards a Structural Change?", organized by the University of La Serena, through the Academic Vice-Rectory and the Teaching Directorate, with collaboration, was held for two days of the Ministry of Education and the Council of Rectors.
This meeting was attended by representatives of the institutions belonging to the CRUCH, who after two days of presentations and exhibitions, agreed that progress has been made in the matter, either through projects and programs developed and socialized between institutions, as well as propaedeutic programs, tutoring, leveling and mentoring. They also highlighted the most institutional view of these issues, the implementation of the Academic Leveling Scholarship, the internal processes of insertion of the students, the motivation of the institutions and the investment of the MINEDUC.
In this sense, one of the speakers of the Seminar, Carolina Matheson, from the University of Chile, said it is important to see how all these initiatives can be incorporated at a more structural level in the different universities and how this is linked to "more processes". deep that have to do with how we work as a university, what are the dynamics of organizational articulation, how we incorporate this at a curricular level, at the level of teacher training and not only at a more direct level of work with students. And in that sense, I thought the call of the University of La Serena to be able to deepen around the structural changes involved in work around equity and the retention or permanence of students ".
While the person in charge of Agreements of Performance in Academic Innovation and FIAC2 of the Ministry of Education, Diana Veneros, who explained during the meeting, indicated that this dissemination of the good practices that the institutions are doing regarding the retention of the students, "is a vital issue, a country issue; really, if we do not attach to the issue of equity in access to retention during the training process, we will always be left with the task incomplete. For this reason, it is very gratifying for me to verify the level of achievements that universities are having in retention ".
For his part, the academic vice chancellor of the U. of La Serena, Dr. Jorge Catalán, said that "perhaps the most difficult thing in the transition towards equity, and involving the greatest efforts of each of the training institutions, is ensure students stay in training programs and success in their performance, in order to allow a qualification in reasonable times and the acquisition of the skills required for employability; because if all this is not fulfilled, at most it will be possible to postpone and surely aggravate the situation of inequality, with the false belief of having carried out the task or the reassuring conviction of having 'done what is possible' ". Similarly, he noted that "there are good arguments and accumulated experience to support the requirement to promote multifactorial approaches and that at the same time, assume institutional responsibilities in equity and retention of students to complete their initial training."
Regarding the pending challenges, the participants agreed that it is necessary to generate a support network at the national level around equity, that the programs be integrated, that there be a revision of the curricular meshes, an articulation that implies thinking the complete system, a more active participation of teachers and part of the State, a leveling within the classroom, in addition to being able to train teachers and generate research and good practices, among others.
In this regard, Carolina Matheson said that there is still a need to "involve the academic community of the different universities much more actively; what has to do with working much more directly with the teachers appears very strongly and that they are incorporated as very active agents and protagonists of this process ".
In as much, Diana Veneros affirmed that "when one verifies that the institutions are doing this nivelación not only focusing in the leveling of the deficit competitions of these students, realizes that there there is an enormous task that is in development and much task still by do, particularly if we attach the other component of the equation that are the teachers, where I think it is a little bit deeper to make these changes in the classroom because together with retention, we have to look at how the institution increases quality ".
The Seminar "Equity and Retention in Higher Education", held in the ULS, included, in addition to the papers presented by the different houses of studies, the exhibitions "Ranking of notes in the process of Admission 2014", "The challenge of retention in the Higher Education System. Problems and perspectives "and" Analysis of the implementation of policies on equity and retention in the Universities of the Council of Rectors ", in charge of the researcher of the Single System of Admission of the Council of Rectors, Tomás Larroucau, the representative of the Ministry of Education, Diana Veneros, and the researchers of the University of Santiago de Chile, Dras. Paulina Pérez and Lorena López, respectively, as well as the CRUCH Panel "Factors that affect the retention, academic progression and timely qualification of students belonging to the 1 and 2 quintiles of the UMCE" and the Seminar Analysis Tables.
"We have fully met the silver targets in this event (...). It has been possible to share experiences on this topic, the enormous efforts that each of the twelve universities present have made in order to achieve equity in access to higher education and equity in the retention of non-traditional students. We have known the results of the different programs and the different actions, but most importantly, we have been able to talk about this issue, which is undoubtedly the responsibility of higher education, "said the director of the School of Studies. hostess, Mg. Laura Vega, at the end of this meeting.