The president of the Council of Deans of Education of CRUCH, delivered her vision on the financing of Higher Education in Chile and the scope and challenges in the field of teacher training.
The dean of the Faculty of Humanities of the University of La Serena, Dr. María Zúñiga Carrasco, participated as a panelist in the International Meeting on "Privatization of Education", developed on 17, 18, 19 and 20 in August, at the Catholic University of Porto Alegre, Brazil.
Dr. Zúñiga, who was invited by the Brazilian Association of Comparative Education, participated in the panel on privatization in Higher Education, where she delivered her vision on the financing of Higher Education in Chile and the scope and challenges in the field of training. of teachers.
"Countries have focused their public policy efforts on education to improve systems in their core components, namely, organizational and financial structure, processes and resource allocation. The latter, causes the greatest differences of opinion because private sources, whose contributions have been evidencing significant increases. The contribution of the State has been giving way to the contribution of the private, of the families and in a very important proportion. The privatization of education, in general, and of Higher Education in particular, is a phenomenon that has been growing with intensity in recent decades throughout the world and certainly, in our continent and in Chile, "said the dean during This meeting was attended by leading speakers from different countries.
In his presentation, he also explained that the role of the State in relation to Education, in Chile, "has had a significant change, from the teaching state, with a preferential attention to education, to a subsidiary role, and state resources , are identified as subsidies or subsidies, for which institutions and individual users must compete. The direct budget items of the public schools, commonly referred to as basal contributions, represent a very tight proportion of the financing of the central processes, not fully covering the requirements, which seems to be getting smaller. The percentage of financing that does not cover the direct contribution leads institutions, in the case of Higher Education, to self-finance the programs committed, through the sale of services or indebtedness in the financial market. This change occurred after the reform of the eighties, under the military government, which is maintained until today. "
The president of the Council of Deans of Education of CRUCH, argued that the controversy regarding the financing of education, the participation of the State and / or private, "responds, first of all, to a question of substance, of ends, of principles, to the conception that society gives of education, is a right? or on the contrary, is it a consumer good? This first definition also allows defining the contributions and instruments, as well as the priorities for the whole system or for some stages of it. Added to the discussion and analysis are principles such as universality, obligation, gratuity and also a concept of a different nature, such as the quality and regulation of the system ".
Likewise, he referred to the various management improvement tools and processes introduced in the area of public policy in education, whose functioning has been supported by incentives or subsidies. This is how he gave details about the performance agreements and the Teacher Vocation Grant. Regarding this last instrument, the dean of Humanities said that, in terms of improving the quality of candidates for Pedagogy careers, the Grant has the value of ensuring a higher quality of the applicants to this field of education, which appears highly recommended by international research. "Although the literature is not totally conclusive, the effect of attracting better applicants for later, having better teachers in service, hopes to expect better results in their students, and therefore, is a bet that the country can not discard" , he said.
In addition, he noted that the greatest effect of the scholarship was on the students of municipal establishments that are in the stretch 600-700 points PSU, together with an increase in the applicants of the private sector. "Like any other instrument, given the importance that is estimated for a country that seeks to build the quality of education, it must be part of a synergistic set of conditions that favor the best performance in a context that must be regulated. In terms of resources, the contribution of the State to support this instrument is very important and therefore, should be a milestone of a larger project, such as initial training and teaching career, "he said.
Finally, he commented that of the total number of students enrolled in 2011 pedagogy, around 30% are students who did not complete the PSU in the 2010 year. "A situation like this, could be indicating the strength of a deregulated market, damaging the state institutions themselves and damaging public policy because there are sectors of society that are left out of the process of improvement," concluded Dr. Maria Zúñiga